Now, at the midway point of 2021, things have only gotten worse.
June 15th was the deadliest day of the year in Chicago so far with 8 murders in less than 24 hours — four of which came in one shooting incident. Compared to 2019, shootings and murders are up 56% and 29%, respectively.
We asked Tony Salaam if he was worried about the rest of the summer.
"Well, yes, I am. I think the direction in which the violence is moving in now, I'm definitely concerned," Salaam said.
Salaam works for the violence prevention organization READI, specifically doing outreach in Englewood, Illinois, the southside neighborhood where the mass shooting took place.
"Well during COVID, we lost about three participants. I believe, I think the last time we lost someone, it's been just four months," Salaam said.
This spike in violence is nationwide and has impacted cities that had made significant progress in combating gun violence.
In Oakland, 15 people were killed in the month of January alone. Over the weekend, 6 people were shot and 1 person was killed at a Juneteenth gathering.
While criminologists have lots of theories for why violence has picked up so significantly, ranging from the pandemic to policing to a massive increase in gun sales, no one has been able to pinpoint with any certainty a cause for the spike.
Fatimah Loren Dreier has worked with and studied hospital-based violence intervention programs across the country and says the pandemic's extraordinary impact on community- based violence intervention efforts is partly to blame.
"So one of the greatest predictors of violence in the future is exposure to violence," Dreier said.
"These are the sorts of programming that actually transforms communities, because of the nature, the cyclical nature of violence, you can tap into that network, identify those who were at high risk, provide wraparound care, and continue to monitor them in the long term. You see incredible transformation," Dreier said.
Violence intervention programs rely heavily on in-person interactions and community-based relationships.
Tony Salaam in Chicago says despite their best efforts they lost touch with some of their participants when the pandemic hit.
"Outreach workers will go out, show them how to work the smartphone, get on Zoom and use the tablets. So that increased our numbers again but there was definitely a drop off. Absolutely," Salaam said.
President Biden's infrastructure plan features $5 billion worth of funding for these programs nationwide over an 8-year period. The president is planning to detail his administration's crime prevention strategy Wednesday.