As Americans began to cast their ballots in person Tuesday, election officials and voting rights activists reported few early problems at the polls in battleground states that could determine who wins the presidency and which party controls the US Senate.
In Michigan, voting was going "smoothly" on Tuesday, according to Jake Rollow, a spokesman for the secretary of state. And in Georgia, where the June primary election was plagued by widespread voting problems and delays, lines moved quickly with an average statewide wait time to cast votes at three minutes as of mid-morning, according to Ari Schaffer, the press secretary for Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger.
In Florida, Secretary of State Laurel Lee said that no voting security issues have been reported in the state so far Tuesday.
In the Democratic stronghold of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, meanwhile, officials said there were no reports of problems at polling places or at the city's absentee ballot counting center.
"No news is good news," Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett said. "We're off to a great start."
Signs, however, pointed to potential legal showdowns in Pennsylvania, a key battleground that President Donald Trump narrowly won four years ago and has repeatedly criticized over its mail-in voting. As the polls opened Tuesday, Republicans filed a federal lawsuit that took aim at how election officials in Democratic-leaning Montgomery County handled absentee ballots that arrived before Election Day.
The plaintiffs allege officials in this suburban Philadelphia county conducted "pre-canvassing" of ballots before 7 a.m. ET Tuesday and allowed people to fix perceived defects in their ballots. The Republicans have asked a federal judge to order county officials to set aside any changed ballots. They argue that treating mail-in ballots differently in Montgomery County than other counties in the state violates the Constitution.
Montgomery County officials say they have complied with the rules.
The dispute might affect only a fraction of ballots in this county that backed Democrat Hillary Clinton four years ago. The GOP complaint identifies roughly 1,200 votes that might have been found defective out of roughly 223,000 absentee ballots that had been cast in Montgomery County as of Tuesday morning.
People across the country have reported receiving robocalls telling them to "stay home" Tuesday morning. That prompted officials in Michigan and Nebraska to warn voters to disregard an anonymous robocall telling people to "stay safe and stay home."
Hashim Warren, who lives in Greensboro, North Carolina, received the call and told CNN he found it "disturbing" because some voters could find the call intimidating.
Warren, who works in marketing, said he has used mass text and call services before and knew this robocall was likely going to many other people. But he said not everyone would know that.
"For example, my mother-in-law, I could see her really disturbed about 'how did someone get my number,'" Warren said.
The once-in-a-century pandemic has dramatically altered how Americans are casting their ballots. More than 100 million had voted before the polls opened Tuesday, shattering records and likely reducing the number of people who will turn out to vote in person.
But the threat still remained for issues to arise around the country, from the routine Election Day headaches -- such as long lines and voting machines malfunctioning -- to uniquely 2020 problems, including the threat that the coronavirus pandemic poses to voters and poll workers alike and the heightened fears law enforcement and election officials have about intimidation and conflict occurring at the polls.
Isolated issues, so far
In Arizona, for instance, long voting lines formed quickly at many polling places in populous Maricopa County, home to Phoenix and its suburbs. Polling stations opened at 7 a.m., and by 7:30 a.m. there were wait times as long as 45 minutes for voting sites in GOP strongholds such as Glendale, Chandler, Gilbert and Surprise, according to estimates posted on the Maricopa County Recorder's election site.
Elsewhere, voting rights groups are monitoring potential problems after officials shuttered polling places because of the pandemic and potential confusion over many states' new voting processes this election.
In Pennsylvania, Suzanne Almeida, the interim director of the state's arm of Common Cause voting rights group, said the state "is having a regular election day here in Pennsylvania" but seeing long lines "due to polling places opening late" and last-minute polling changes.
And other isolated issues have emerged.
In North Carolina, the State Board of Elections planned to meet Tuesday afternoon to consider extending hours at four voting locations -- a polling place in Guilford County, one in Cabarrus County and two locations in Sampson County -- that experienced delayed openings.
Karen Brinson Bell, executive director of the North Carolina State Board of Elections, said one of the reasons the sites opened late was because of poll workers arriving late.
Election Day also could bring partisan poll watchers into balloting locations, the result of a stepped-up effort by Trump's campaign and the Republican National Committee to deploy legions of volunteers to look for any voting abnormalities. Democratic poll watchers will be on hand as well.
Mail-in ballots may delay tallies
Election challenges from the pandemic extend beyond the polls, as the millions of mail-in ballots are expected to lead to a delay in the counting of votes once the polls close -- particularly in the battlegrounds of Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, where the state legislatures failed to pass laws for processing absentee ballots before Tuesday.
"Look, the country is on edge," North Carolina Attorney General Josh Stein said Monday. But voters "should take comfort in knowing that they will be the ones who determine the winners of these elections -- not any politicians, not any lawyers," said Stein, a Democrat.
Despite election officials' warnings that it may take several days to finish counting ballots, Trump has continued to falsely claim that the count is supposed to be completed by Election Night. It's politically beneficial to him to make the false suggestion because more of his supporters are expected to vote in person on Election Day, while more voters for Democratic nominee Joe Biden are expected to vote through the mail.
Meagan Wolfe, Wisconsin's chief election official, said it would likely be Wednesday before the state's unofficial results were reported due in part to the high number of absentee ballots. Michigan Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson said this week that it could take until Friday before complete results were available for all Michigan jurisdictions.
Even before polls opened on Election Day, both presidential camps were gearing up for legal confrontations.
The changes to voting rules due to the pandemic sparked a litany of court cases over rules related to voting and the counting of ballots, and rulings continued right up to Election Day. On Monday, a Nevada judge tossed a GOP challenge that sought to stop the use of a signature verification software for not being stringent enough and to let poll watchers get closer to officials counting ballots.
In Texas, Republicans challenged more than 125,000 votes in Democratic-leaning Harris County, which includes Houston, because they were cast at drive-thru polling places, but a judge dismissed the suit Monday on technical grounds, saying the plaintiffs lacked standing.
But Harris County officials opted to close all but one of 10 drive-thru polling places on Election Day because the judge had questioned the validity of using tents as polling locations. The one remaining drive-thru site that will remain open Tuesday is the Toyota Center, which has "walls and a roof" and meets the judge's definition of a building.
Pennsylvania, in particular, could be the source of messy post-election legal fights. Last month, the US Supreme Court declined to take up a Republican challenge to a state Supreme Court ruling that absentee ballots could be accepted three days after Election Day, so long as they were postmarked by Tuesday, even if the postmark is not legible.
But some of the court's conservative justices suggested the state ruling was unconstitutional, and the late-arriving ballots are being segregated in case of additional legal disputes, though the state is counting them.
Trump, who has sought to cast doubts on the integrity of vote counting, warned in the closing days of the campaign that he plans to dispatch his lawyers to key swing states such as Pennsylvania. "As soon as that election is over, we're going in with our lawyers," the President told reporters over the weekend.
In Florida, where 29 electoral votes are at stake, a Biden campaign spokesperson in the state said that about 4,000 lawyers have been mobilized to address any problems. She added that the Democrats' voter protection team in Florida is more than twice the size of the team in 2016.
Alia Faraj, a spokesperson for the Republican Party of Florida, said the GOP had volunteer poll watchers ready to document any irregularities and to ensure election officials comply with the law.
This election marks the first presidential contest since 1980 in which the Republican National Committee and the GOP presidential nominee will work together to monitor polling activity. In 2018, a federal judge allowed a consent decree to expire that for decades had sharply restricted the RNC's "ballot security" activities without prior judicial approval.
Freed from court supervision, the Republicans have geared up to deploy volunteers to monitor polling activity. But it's not clear how many they have recruited. Trump campaign officials have not responded to requests for comment.
Voting rights experts say they are on watch for voting intimidation and suppression at the polls, especially after Trump encouraged his supporters to go to the polls to guard against alleged voter fraud. There have been sporadic complaints about voter intimidation in the lead up to Election Day, but it has not been "systemic or widespread by any stretch," said Kristen Clarke, president and executive director of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.
Karen Hobert Flynn, the president of Common Cause, told reporters on Monday: "We need to let our election officials do their job and count every vote because that is what democracies are supposed to do."
The President also stirred controversy earlier this year when he urged his supporters to vote twice -- by absentee and then in person -- to test the election system.
Late Monday, Cochise County Recorder Lisa Marra in Arizona tweeted that her office had received dozens of calls from people demanding to know when their ballots had been counted. Cochise County, stretching from east of Tucson down to the US-Mexico border, backed Trump in 2016.
"They know the date we received it," she wrote. "Wanted to know date and time counted. Because the President said if they didn't get that info to go vote again tomorrow. Horrible advice for voters. STOP."
The-CNN-Wire™ & © 2020 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.