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Montana's connections to Pearl Harbor

Montana connections to Pearl Harbor
Montana connections to Pearl Harbor
Posted at 2:13 PM, Dec 07, 2020
and last updated 2020-12-07 16:13:00-05

HELENA — This year marks the 79th commemoration of the attack on American forces at Pearl Harbor.

A total of 2,403 service members and civilians were killed during the attack, 15 were from Montana.

The VFW in East Helena is co-named for Electrician's Mate 3rd Class Jerry Dullum who was aboard the USS Arizona the morning of the attack.

Due to COVID restrictions, Helena area veterans appeared Monday on Helena Civic Television to remember and honor the lives lost that day.

The ceremony will be uploaded to social media platforms as well.

The Montana Military Museum has a detailed exhibit of the attack on Pearl Harbor and more on the role of Montanans during World War II.

There were 100 commissioned warships and service auxiliary ships were present at Pearl Harbor during the attack, including the USS Helena.

Pearl Harbor

The Saint Louis class light cruiser, USS Helena (CL-50), was commissioned in September 1939 at New York Navy Yard, New York.

On the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, the Helena was tied off with the USS Oglala off the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard.

"The Helena was in birth 1010 which is the usual birth of the Pennsylvania which was a major battleship," said Montana Military Museum Director Ray Read. "The Japanese were after the eight battleships and figured that would destroy any effort to respond."

In the morning light Japanese pilots mistook the silhouette of the two ships to be the super-dreadnought battleship the USS Pennsylvania (BB-38).

Three minutes into the battle a torpedo dropped by a Japanese bomber passed underneath Oglala and exploded against Helena's hull. The explosion tore through the hulls of both ships.

The crew of the Helena was able to get power restored to their guns after two minutes and began a heavy barrage against Japanese forces.

The Oglala was not as fortunate and capsized from the damage received from the first torpedo.

Of the 29 Japanese aircraft downed during the raid, the USS Helena is credited with shooting down six aircraft.

America immediately entered WWII after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Roughly 10% of the state's total population at the time -- some 57,000 Montanans served in the war and 1,500 would not return home.

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the USS Helena would be repaired and joined the Guadalcanal Campaign in the summer of 1942.

The crew of the Helena rescued survivors from USS Wasp (CV-7) and took part in protecting Henderson Field during the Battle of Cape Esperance in October and the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November.

After an overhaul, Helena returned to combat in March 1943 providing gunfire support during the landings at New Georgia and Rendova.

During the Battle of Kula Gulf on July 6, 1943, the USS Helena engaged Japanese destroyers and was hit by enemy torpedoes breaking the ship into three parts and sinking her. 168 crewmen were lost.

The remains of the USS Helena were discovered in 2018 by RV Petrel during an expedition in the Solomon Islands.

The Montana Military museum is open on Thursdays from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. and features exhibits from all conflicts Montanans were present in.

The museum is completely volunteer-run and anyone interested in donating their time can find more information here.