States relax more rules, but could return to stay-at-home orders if coronavirus cases surge

Posted at 10:04 AM, May 18, 2020
and last updated 2020-05-18 12:04:24-04

A new week brings new freedoms to those who have hunkered down under stay-at-home orders. But if the coronavirus pandemic gets much worse, some governors say they're willing to change course.

All but two states -- Connecticut and Massachusetts --have loosened stay-at-home restrictions. In some states, people can get tattoos, go shopping inside malls and eat inside restaurants again.

But only 18 states showed a downward trend of new cases on Monday, according to an analysis of data from Johns Hopkins University. That's down from 28 states that showed general declines as of Friday.

It's not clear whether the increases in coronavirus cases were simply due to more testing, or if the virus is now spreading more rampantly.

But now the challenge is keeping a lid on new cases and deaths while trying to revive the economy.

Across the US, than 1.4 million people have been infected, and more than 89,000 have died, according to Johns Hopkins data.

Millions more can go to the gym and retail stores

Florida entered its first full phase of reopening Monday, allowing restaurants, retail stores and gyms across the state to reopen with certain restrictions.

California, the first state to issue a statewide stay-at-home order, is now in its second of four reopening phases.

"I deeply understand the stress and anxiety that people have, that entire dreams have been torn asunder because of the shutdowns, their savings account depleted and their credit ratings destroyed," Gov. Gavin Newsom said.

Texas, one of the first to start reopening, had itshighest single-day increase in new cases over the weekend. Restaurants, movie theaters and malls have been open for a little more than two weeks, but the governor has attributed an increase in coronavirus cases to more testing.

Why it'll take weeks to see the health effects of reopening

And in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Delaware, beaches will be open for Memorial Day weekend, with restrictions.

But with greater freedoms come more responsibilities to prevent a resurgence of coronavirus -- which would lead to another blow to the economy.

That includes wearing masks in public, Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine said.

"About 90% of our economy is back open because we thought it was a huge risk not to reopen," DeWine said Sunday.

If the situation gets worse, "we're prepared to do what we have to do to pull back," he said.

"We don't want to be like some of the other countries we've seen where they shut down, opened up, and now are starting to shut down again," DeWine said. "And it's in everyone's collective hands how we act in the next month or two, whether or not we're going to be in that position."

In Georgia, Gov. Brian Kemp also said the state will keep tracking the numbers and "will take whatever action is necessary to protect the lives and the livelihoods of all Georgians."

Where each state stands in the reopening process

Union issues guidelines on when to reopen schools

Most states have saidstudents won't return to class this school year, and most parents have no idea when their kids will be back in school.

But a union representing nearly 1.7 million teachers has published guidance on how schools should safely reopen.

"Once we have reduced the number of cases for at least 14 days with adequate testing in place, reopening plans can go into effect on a community-by-community basis," said areport by the American Federation of Teachers.

Schools should also consider protections for at-risk staff and at-risk students, the union said.

Protecting students' health may also mean having to reorganizing parts of schools -- including making classrooms smaller, staggering lunch times and finding alternative plans for some after-school programs.

"While our public schools have been woefully under-resourced, and we must continue the fight to change that, this next two years is an opportunity to visualize what schooling looks like in a post-pandemic era," the report says.

Testing increases, but so do concerns about accuracy

Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said the US has conducted more than 10 million coronavirus tests, and the federal government is deploying rapid tests to meatpacking facilities and nursing homes.

But there are new concerns about the accuracy of some diagnostic tests, which are supposed to determine whether someone currently has the virus.

AdventHealth said about 35,000 coronavirus tests -- 33,000 of which were conducted in Florida -- have been deemed unreliable because problems at a processing lab.

AdventHealth declined to name the lab, but said it was "working diligently" to notify people who may be affected.

The news comes after concerns about the accuracy of antibody tests, which are supposed to tell whether you've been exposed to the virus in the past.

Health officials stress that it's too early to know whether having coronavirus antibodies means you have long-term immunity against a second infection -- or if you have immunity at all.

Your coronavirus questions, answered

Doctors say the CDC shouldn't be sidelined

Months into the pandemic, experts are calling for the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to step up and lead the US efforts of fighting the virus.

The CDC has been the lead agency in battling other pandemics and outbreaks, such as the 2009 H1N1 swine flu pandemic and the 2003-2004 SARS outbreak.

But the CDC's regular briefings on coronavirus were halted by March, and the White House took over.

That was a mistake, Emory University doctors, professors and staffers wrote in an open letter in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.

"If we are to win the battle against Covid-19, we need the CDC's scientific independence and unstifled voice," the group wrote.

"There is debate over a perceived trade-off between health and restarting our economy. We believe that it is not a trade-off, but that lasting economic recovery is intricately dependent on controlling COVID-19."


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